Oral medicine and periodontology

The path to a perfect smile is very much associated with health of the gums. It is a contemporary aspect of dentistry that in the recent era of dentistry stands out as “Pink Esthetics”. Also gum health significantly affects the preservation of the teeth and their longevity.

Periodontology is an area that deals with health of periodontal tissues and soft oral tissues.

Treatment of periodontal tissue may be causal and surgical.

Causal periodontal therapy includes:

  • Removal of hard and soft plaque (ultrasound and hand instruments)
  • Training in the maintenance of oral hygiene and dental plaque control
  • Treatment of periodontal pockets
  • The establishment of appropriate occlusion-articulation of relations teeth
  • Rehabilitation of carious lesions
  • Orthodontic treatment
  • The treatment of some common diseases

Surgical therapy includes:

  • Gingivaltology and gingivoplasty
  • Modified Widman flap surgery by
  • Gingival graft surgeries (frenectomy, apically positioned flap, expanding the zone of attached gingival and vestibular deepening)

In case of emergency of supporting apparatus of teeth our experts apply adequate urgent therapeutic measures that include periodontal abscess drainage and the use of appropriate antibiotics.

Oral medicine is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the lips, tongue and other parts of the oral mucosa.

The most common diseases that occur in the mucous membranes of the oral cavity are:

  • Cheilitis
  • Glositi
  • Lingua nigra
  • Papilitis
  • Viral stomatitis (herpetic stomatitis – Herpangina, Herpes simplex)
  • Oral candidiasis
  • The ulcers (recurrent oral ulceration)
  • Allergic manifestations
  • Syndrome firing and annealing oral mucosa
  • Lichen planus
  • Xerostomia
  • Sjogren’s syndrome

Changes in the oral mucosa may be due to infections (viral, bacterial and fungal), mechanical, chemical, thermal and radiation damage, allergic reactions, effects of drugs, disorders of the immune system and general disease (skin disease, diabetes, vascular disease, neurological and other).